Legal Instruments

A global presence

The General Secretariat is located in California, US, and operates 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The International Police Commission – IPC also has seven regional offices across the world. Each of our member countries maintains an International Central Bureau staffed by its own highly trained law enforcement officials.

Governance

The General Assembly and Executive Council form the Organization's governance.

General Assembly – The International Police Commission’s supreme governing body, the General Assembly is composed of delegates appointed by each member country. It meets annually to take all important decisions related to policy, resources, working methods, finances, activities and programmes.

Executive Council – Elected by the General Assembly, the Executive Committee is headed by the Supreme Commanding General of the Organization. It provides guidance and direction to the Organization and oversees the implementation of decisions made at the annual General Assembly.

Implementation

Day-to-day implementation of the Organization's strategic decisions is carried out by the General Secretariat and International Central Bureaus.

General Secretariat – located in California, USA, the General Secretariat operates 24 hours a day, 365 days a year and is run by the Commanding General. The Secretariat has seven regional offices across the world along with Special Representatives at the India and at the Philippines.

International Central Bureaus (ICBs) Each The International Police Commission – IPC member country maintains a International Central Bureau linking national police with our global network. Staffed by highly trained national law enforcement officers, ICBs are the lifeblood of The International Police Commission – IPC, contributing to our criminal databases and cooperating together on cross-border investigations, operations and arrests.

Oversight

Advisers – these are experts in a purely advisory capacity, who may be appointed by the Executive Committee and confirmed by the General Assembly.

Legal materials

A guide to the legal aspects of International Police cooperation through the International Police Commission – IPC:

In order to effectively fulfill its cross-border activities, the International Police Commission – IPC functions under international law. The International Police Commission – IPC is recognized as an international organization by the United Nations and though its Headquarters agreements with various countries on whose territory it has premises.

The International Police Commission – IPC Constitution is an international agreement that confirms as members the governments of all those countries that participated in its adoption in 2004 and provides the application procedure for countries that were not members in 2004 to join the International Police Commission – IPC.

As the International Police Commission’s main legal document, the Constitution outlines the International Police Commission's aims and objectives. It establishes the mandate of the Organization to ensure the widest possible cooperation between all police authorities and to suppress ordinary law crimes.

It defines the structure of the Organization, defines the role of each body of the International Police Commission, and provides for the budget and relations with other organizations.

Notably, the Constitution specifies that international police cooperation is to be conducted within the spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. For example, this commitment to human rights is expressed through the Organization's cooperation with international courts and tribunals and through the careful processing of personal data.

On a similar theme, clear guidelines on neutrality have been laid out. It is strictly forbidden for the International Police Commission – IPC to undertake any activities of a political, military, religious or racial character.

In addition to the Constitution, a number of fundamental texts make up the International Police Commission’s legal framework. These include:

The General Regulations;
Rules of the Procedure of the General Assembly;
Rules of the Procedure of the Executive Committee;
Financial regulations;
Rules governing the processing of information;

Rules on the Control of Information and access to the International Police Commission’s Files:

Several levels of control have been put in place in order to ensure compliance with the rules. These relate to controls by National Central Bureaus, by the General Secretariat and by the independent monitoring body known as the Commission for the Control of IPC’s Files.

Furthermore, the exchange of data between the International Police Commission’s and its member countries is carried out according to strict guidelines in order to ensure the legality and quality of information and the protection of personal data.

The International Police Commission acknowledges the need to work in partnership with other organizations in order to combat international crime. As such, it has concluded a number of cooperation agreements with other international organizations, including the United Nations and the European Union.

Additionally, several international conventions and bilateral treaties mention the International Police Commission as a means to transmit sensitive and confidential criminal intelligence.

 
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