Alternative Dispute Resolution – ADR

International Police Commission - IPC India Command - An Introduction

The International Police Commission – IPC India Command is a non-profit, peacekeeping and socio-economic development paramilitary intelligence organization based in the Republic of India with extension commands in other UN nations. The International Police Commission “IPC” is also Special Partner Signatory of the International Business Standard Organization “IBSO”. The International Police Commission has also been accepted and registered by the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), Government of India to work in the category of Extraterritorial Organization like the United Nations and its Agencies such as IMF, World Bank, European Commission, OPEC, etc. and also recognized by the Central Vigilance Commission, Government of India to act against Corruption. The Constitution and Charter of the IPC India Command has already been legally notarized in India. It is also a Member of the United Nations Office of the Drugs and Crimes “UNODC”. 69th United Nations General Assembly has also approved the International Police Commission – IPC and also confirmed by the office of the Honourable President of the present 70th United Nations General Assembly.

The IPC India Command is committed to carry out general mandate and objective of ensuring peace and order worldwide and is ever ready within capacity to assist all law enforcement agencies of member nations of the United Nations in the campaign against criminal elements especially international criminal syndicates and terrorist organizations, involving the supreme citizen’s power under the Constitution of all nations to ensure equality of justice, freedom and democracy and to assist the governments of the member UN Nations in humanitarian, socio-civic, and peace keeping operations, while being a catalyst for social development through socio-civic and economic development programs and projects.

Spearheaded by:

The IPC India Command is currently spearheaded in India by Dr. Arvind Kumar Sharma, Commanding General of the International Police Commission - IPC India duly authorized by the Interpolcom Philcom Intelligence Group “IPCIG” (International Police Commission Intelligence Group), the Transnational Anti-Organized Crime, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and consist of members, a force of strong men and women nationwide, from various professional lines such as businessmen, doctors, engineers, architects, lawyers, retired and active peace officers of the law, soldiers, veterans and other professionals who stand for peace, justice, liberty and democracy.

The justice dispensing system in India has come under great stress for several reasons, chief of them being the huge pendency of cases in courts underlining the need for Alternative Dispute Resolution - ADR methods. The Government of India thought it necessary to provide a new forum and procedure for resolving international and domestic commercial disputes quickly.
The IPC India Command is an autonomous organization working under the aegis of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Law & Justice and the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Government of India with its headquarters at New Delhi and Regional Centres in all States. The Regional Centres of the IPC India Command are fully funded and supported by the respective State Governments.

Why Alternative Dispute Resolution – ADR?

The justice dispensation system in India has come under great stress for several reasons; chief of them being the huge pendency of cases in Courts. In India, the number of cases filed in Courts has shown tremendous increase in recent years for a variety of reasons resulting in pendency and delays underlining the need for alternative dispute resolution methods. It is in this context, the following Resolution was adopted by the Chief Ministers and the Chief Justices of States in a Conference held in New Delhi on 4th December 1993 under the Chairmanship of the then Prime Minister of India and presided over by the Chief Justice of India:

'The Chief Ministers and Chief Justices were of the opinion that the Courts were not in a position to bear the entire burden of justice system and that a number of disputes lent themselves to resolution by alternative modes such as arbitration, mediation and negotiation. They emphasized the desirability of the disputants taking advantage of alternative dispute resolution which provided procedural flexibility, saved valuable time and money and avoided the stress of a conventional trial.

It was felt that in a developing country like India with major economic reforms under way within the -work of rule of law, strategies for swifter resolution of disputes for lessening the burden on the Courts and to provide means for expeditious resolution of disputes, there is no better option but to strive to develop alternative modes of dispute resolution by establishing facilities for providing settlement of disputes through arbitration, conciliation, mediation, negotiation, etc.

UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation (2002) Adopted by UNCITRAL on 24th June 2002, the Model Law provides uniform rules in respect of the conciliation process to encourage the use of conciliation and ensure greater predictability and certainty in its use. As the Arbitration Act of 1940 proved ineffective for early settlement of disputes by arbitration, the first major step taken in this direction was the enactment of Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 which was brought into force with effect from August 22, 1996. This Act, based on the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration and the UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules, provides the basis for the growth of the Alternative Dispute Resolution - ADR movement in India on scientific lines.

Areas of Work:

Almost all disputes - commercial, civil, labour and family disputes-in respect of which the parties are entitled to conclude a settlement, can be settled by ADR procedures. ADR techniques have been proven to work in the business environment, especially in respect of disputes involving joint ventures, construction projects, partnership differences, intellectual property rights, personal injury, product liability, professional liability, real estate, securities, contract interpretation and performance and insurance coverage


The International Police Commission - IPC India Command
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